Brand architecture comprises of facets of a brand. An architecture is simply a representation everything that is owned by a brand across its range.
Brand architecture is a higher-level plan of the brand eco system. It’s about building one brand and representing its core value across its range under one umbrella to showcase the diversity yet unification. If multiple brands, the relationship can be mother, child, parent, etc. Configuring the brand architecture before choosing which assets to build is a vital step. It helps the board develop the assets that will take the business beyond the ‘reputation’ stage.
Once this is clear, any product defined as a sub brand can be relative to the umbrella brand in order to create a clear distinction. Then starts the visible cycle of revenue generation which can likewise be segregated to achieve individual SBU profits & loss.
Most marketers visit the mode of brand architecture only during rejuvenation. During times of change, like mergers, acquisitions, rebrands and product launches. And, at those times, understanding the relationships between the brand names in your company’s portfolio is essential. Brand architecture design is a relative approach to keep a track on all P & L activities, measured at ease due to a simpler umbrella brand thereby imbibing best of the parent brand to child brands.
As a requirement, brand architecture design should be made as a mandate before any organization begins its branding exercise.
Fully realizing the power of brand architecture starts with documentation. You must spend time outlining the relationships within your company’s portfolio. How do your current brands, sub-brands and products relate to one another? How do their market positions relate to one another?
All brand architecture strategies fall into one of two approaches, a branded house or a house of brands. In a house of brands strategy, the company name is not identified at all. Instead, product names drive purchases. A branded house strategy has one unique brand name that motivates purchases and offers value. Many organizations use a hybrid or variation of one of the two approaches.
Here are few common brand architecture examples that will help you define your existing strategy:
Four Brand Architecture options:
· Sub-Brands: There is one corporate trademark and sub-brand trademarks. For example: Apple iPad.
· Masterbrand: There is only one trademark and then descriptive names. For example: AT&T Device Protection & Control.
· Freestanding Brands: There are many brands, speaking to many different audiences designed to stand apart. For example: Pringles, Old Spice, Gillette are all freestanding brands of Proctor & Gamble.
· Endorser Brand: There are product brands linked together by an endorsing brand. For example: Oreo Cookies by Nabisco
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